In this article, Sample Lesson Plan is presented in its simplest form for easy understanding.
What is Lesson plan?
According to Cohen and Manion (1992, p.56) “a lesson plan is the sequence of instructional events that would result in the achievement of the objectives of a lesson”.
Other writers have described a lesson plan as follows:
- A lesson plan as a teacher’s detailed description of the course of instruction for an individual lesson.
- A lesson plan as an outline, which guides the teacher to determine where the learners are going, his they are going to get there, and how the teacher will know they have arrived.
- A lesson plan as a design which shows how the elements of the lesson are systematically organized and sequenced for presentation over a period of time. As a teacher you must have a lesson plan for every lesson ( source; capel, leask and Turner, 2009, p.80).
What makes a Good lesson plan?
Lesson plans come in many different sizes and formats. The Leno and style of plan does not make one plan better than the other.
A good lesson plan can be a comprehensive outline that is worded formally and neatly written, or it can be a brief tabular outline that gives the major aspect of the lesson. The style of a good lesson plan vary as such as their length.
A good lesson plan contains the topic, instructional objective, the entry behaviour, instructional materials and introduction. The teacher’s activities, with the content and methods, students activities, application, conclusion, Assessment and Assignments to be given to the Students.
A good lesson plan should contain materials that will challenge students throughout the lesson and activities that will involve every student. The format of your lesson plan should be easy for you to follow with only a glance and you should never have to stop the lesson to read from the lesson plan.
Arguing about which type of lesson plan is best would be a waste of time. The lesson plan should be thought of as a tool, and like another tool, it will be only as effective as the person using it. The important point is that you develop and use a lesson plan that works for you.
A Sample lesson plan
Class: SS2 B
Duration: 45 minutes
By the end of the lesson, the learners should be able to:
- Describe Osmosis
- Explain how the process of Osmosis take places Place
- Describe the effect of Osmosis
Potato tuners cylinders, razor blade, salt solution, distilled water, petri dishes, ruler, absorbent tissue. A chart: illustrating Osmosis.
INTRODUCTION (5 minutes)
Different ways of introducing a lesson I.e. Review the previous lesson by asking the following questions:
- State the need for movement of substances.
- What is diffusion?
POSSIBLE ANSWERS from the learners.
- to transport nutrients, remove waste products from the body.
- Diffusion is the movement of molecules from a high to a low concentration until equilibrium is reached.
STEP 1 (5munites)
- Describe Osmosis as movement of water molecules from a low concentrated solution through a semi-permeable membrane.
- Explain that it takes place in living tissues only
- Teacher Organizes the learners into groups and guide them.
- He (the Teacher) illustrates Osmosis using a Chart.
- The learners set up the experiment on Osmosis using the procedure bellow or similar one:
- Cut a Potato cylinder into 2cm pieces
- Place four 4 pieces in each of the solutions provided salty and distilled
- Observe after 10 minutes
- Draw the set up and Record observation
STEP 2 (15 minutes)
- Explain the procedure of the experiment on Osmosis
The teacher supervises the activity and guide the learners.
- Learners write down the procedure and also measure the potato cylinders after 10 minutes.
- Learners Draw their own conclusions.
STEP 3 (5 minutes)
- Explain the results of why cylinder in the salt was shorter and flaccid; cylinder in water was longer and turgid
- Learners report their findings as they discuss and record the group findings
- Learners take down notes
CONCLUSION (5 minutes)
Recap of the lesson through question and answers techniques:
- Define Osmosis
- What are its effects on living tissues?
- When do the cells loose and gain water?
Teacher asks the learners questions to consolidate the lesson thus;
- The process of Osmosis water movement from a low concentrated solution through a semi-permeable membrane. EXPECTED ANSWERS:
- Helps cells in living tissues to loose or gain water
- Cells loose water when surrounding concentration is higher than the cell’s and gain when it has a lower concentration than the cell.
Look up the terms; hypersonic and isotonic in relation to Osmosis.
REF: Soper R. and Smith, T.s, Biology for East Africa (An Integrated Approach), (1986) London: Macmillan Ltd. Pages 15-17
ASELF EVALUATION: done by the teacher after teaching the lesson
NOTE: Lesson notes are not the same as lesson plans. Lesson notes are prepared Separately.
Is there Difference between Lesson notes and lesson plan?
The has been some controversy and concussion even among professors in the use of he terms “lesson notes” and “lesson plans”. Some Educationists have offered some suggestions on how these terms should be used.
In his paper titled “curriculum implementation: Resolving the Lesson plan/note controversy in lesson preparation”, Okwuedei (2010) observes that student-teachers tend to use the terms “lesson plan” and “lesson notes” interchangeably.
while experiences teachers and administrators of schools view the terms in somewhat different ways. He therefore suggests a need for some conceptual clarification.
According to Okwuedei, both terms ‘lesson plan” and “lesson notes” should be used interchangeably because they both serve the same purpose. The main features of the both are the same. Be further argues that both lesson plan and lesson notes are basic to good teaching.
Normally, daily lesson plans or notes outline what content is to be taught, teaching methods to be used, specific steps and activities for students and teachers, needed materials, and evaluation procedures.
Example of possible lesson plan format
Stage 1: Introduction
Stage 2: presentation
Sub-stage (iii) etc
Stage 3: Application
Stage 4: conclusion
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